Top 25 Medieval Places To Visit In Europe


 what's up guys my name is ryan and i

spent the last few years exploring

europe and i want to show you my

favorite locations from the middle ages

so here is my medieval places top 25.

medieval europe is one of the most

fascinating periods in all of history

some of the world's most iconic cities

and architecture were born during this

time

from the fortress of monster michelle to

the wild city of avila

europe's medieval cities and history

remain

unmatched to the rest of the world let's

start this video off

in the magical medieval town of

dubrovnik

located in southern croatia on the

adriatic coast

dubrovnik is one of the most stunning

medieval cities in

all of europe the history of dubrovnik

dates back to the 7th century

when it was founded by refugees the city

rose to prosperity during medieval times

thanks to its maritime trade now one of

the most

notable features of dubrovnik are the

walls that surround the city they're

almost two kilometers in length and

anywhere from

four to six meters thick it just makes

you wonder

what it must have felt like to live here

during medieval times

after croatia went head up north to

czech republic

to visit the capital city of prague

prague was the capital of the kingdom of

bohemia and was the main residence of

many

roman emperors such as charles iv one of

my favorite attractions

is the charles bridge its construction

began in 1357

and it wasn't finished until the

beginning of the 15th century the bridge

is decorated with an alley of over 30

statues and which is so scenic and such

a great feature in prague

the old town square is also a great

place to explore and the prague castle

is another beautiful sight to see

it's considered to be the largest

ancient castle in the world and it was

built more than a thousand years ago

in the ninth century i mean that's a

freaking long time

prague has such a historic vibe and i

hope all can visit

while we're still in the czech republic

we're going to visit the magical city of

chesky krumlov located about a two hours

drive from prague

cesky krumlov is a medieval fantasy as i

was doing research i was just blown away

by the beauty of this place

it looks like something straight out of

a fairy tale the town arose around the

year 12

40 when the cesky krunov castle was

built and a settlement

emerged beneath it in 1302 the town and

castle were given to the rosenberg

family

who owned it for the next 300 years

cesky krumlov

thankfully escaped the bombings of world

war ii which is the main reason the city

is so well preserved today it stands as

one of czech republic's most beautiful

towns one of the main attractions of the

town is the

castle it's the second most visited in

the country it's surrounded by a moat

that's not full of water but bears

instead that's pretty crazy you can also

visit the castle tower to get an

incredible view of the town i mean it's

just such a magical place and i can't

believe it exists

after the czech republic we're going to

head over to italy to visit the charming

town of san gimignano now located in

tuscany san diego

is a stunning medieval city perched upon

a hill one of the most iconic features

of the city is the medieval

watchtowers currently there are 14

watchtowers still standing but during

its prime

there were over 72 towers with the

highest being over

70 meters tall the towers were built as

a result of competing families who

wanted to build the tallest and most

grand tower i can't imagine how it must

have looked like back then

i guess you could say that was the

manhattan of the middle ages

i went there a few years ago and i was

just baffled by those towers

sanchez flores as a city until 1348 when the plague of black death struck the town which resulted in killing over half the population san diego's medieval vibe has remained untouched throughout time and has become one of the most popular media locations in all italy while we're still in italy we're gonna head over to the nearby san marino the republic of san marino is a microstate completely enclosed by italy the history of this small country is absolutely fascinating it was founded by a stonemason from croatia named saint marines after facing persecution for his christian sermons he fled to the mountain of monte titano where he built a church and founded the small country in the year 301 a.d san marino claims to be the oldest surviving sovereign state and the oldest constitutional republic the capital of the country is the city of san marino and it's situated on the slopes of monte titano it's hard to beat the location of the city one of the most iconic spots in san marino is the fortress of guayita it was built in the 11th century and served as a prison san marino just such a beautiful yet interesting city and country and i hope you all can visit after san marino were to head over to greece to visit the medieval monasteries of meteora located in central greece meteor is home to six monasteries built upon nearly inaccessible rock pillars during the 14th century monks were facing attacks from turkish raiders so they needed a place where they could worship and safety they decided to start building the monasteries upon the rocks these places of worship were perfect for their bunks because the only way to reach them was by climbing long ladders the monasteries became a place of refuge and over 20 monasteries were built during the 14th century i was lucky enough to go here a few years ago when i got there i was just amazed by the architecture of these monasteries they are perched perfectly on the cliff edge and you wonder how people could have built these in the medieval times monks and nuns currently live in the six surviving monasteries the largest one is the monastery of great meteoron if you're ever in greece make sure you visit this magical place while we're still in greece we're gonna head to the medieval island of rhodes now special thanks to my friend all day drone for helping me out with footage he has some of the best content on roads and i'll link his channel in the description below now rhodes is an island full of intriguing history now one of my favorite places in rhodes is its old town during the 14th century the knights of hospital occupied roads and converted a former byzantine fortress into the palace of the grand master it's one of the few examples of gothic architecture in all greece which is such an impressive medieval building now after greece we're gonna head to the united kingdom to visit conway castle located in northern wells conway castle is an extraordinary piece of history it was built by edward the first at the end of the 13th century the castle along with the walls surrounding the city cost 15 000 pounds to build which was an enormous amount of money back then over the next few centuries it proved as a strong fortress that was stood many wars and sieges i just really love the round watch towers and just the pure medieval look that this place has while we're still in the uk we're going to head over to edinburgh now when i started traveling this was one of the first cities i visited it's a medieval old town with intricate neoclassical buildings cobblestone streets and beautiful gardens the crowning feature of the city is the edinburgh castle the castle is one of the oldest fortified places in all europe and it's



had one heck of a history in its 1100 years of existence it's believed to have faced 26 sieges making it the most besieged place in great britain and one of the most attacked in all the world today edinburgh castle is scotland's most visited attraction and it's a piece of history you gotta witness if you're ever in scotland after we're gonna head over to germany to visit the town of rottenburg now when you go to rottenburg you'll feel like you're walking in a fantasy movie it's one of the most preserved medieval old towns in all europe during the middle ages rottenburg thrived as was located at the crossroads of european trade routes at the beginning of the 15th century it rose to becoming the second largest city in all of germany but during the 17th century rottenburg faced adversities such as the 30 year war and the bubonic plague without much resources rottenberg's growth was halted which aided in keeping the town preserved in its medieval state today rottenberg maintains its medieval charm and it's been the inspiration for sets of disney movies such as pinocchio if you go you can check out the famous floating corner or witness the beautiful christmas markets and which is hard to beat the lore of this german village another fairy tale location in germany is the kohen castle the original castle was built back at the beginning of the 12th century and it's made its money by collecting shipping tools on passing ships sadly it was destroyed in 1689 by the french but in the 19th century a wealthy businessman from berlin decided to rebuild the castle today it stands perch on a hill overlooking the beautiful town of cohen and it's easy to fall in love with germany and its medieval castles afterwards we're going to belgium to visit the medieval city of rouge due to its tidal inlet and canals bruges is sometimes referred to as the venice of the north bruges tidal inlet helped to become one of the most prosperous cities during the middle ages as it quickly became a strategic location for maritime trade routes brooch continued to flourish until the year 1500 when the tidal inlet became silted up today most of bruges's medieval structures have remained intact one of my favorite features in the city is the market square it's towered over by the 277 foot tall medieval bell tower of belfry i mean just such an impressive and unique medieval city after belgium we're going to head over to france to the fairy tale city of komar located in france's alsace region komar looks like something straight out of a disney movie the city's old town is lined with timber medieval buildings i love the canal that runs throughout the city it just adds to the magic of the place now just 20 minutes outside of komar is the quaint village of reekvier it's believed to be the village that inspired the town from beauty and the beast i mean eastern france is just such a beautiful region afterwards we're going to head over to portugal to visit the medieval town of obitos located about an hour's drive from lisbon in central portugal orbitos is a romantic medieval town protected by an impressive stone wall around the year 7 13 the moors established a fortification here and in 1148 the king of portugal reclaimed the land after successful storming of the moors castle in the 13th century the king gifted orbitos to his queen and for the following centuries the village received special treatment from the queens of portugal who remodeled and enriched the village throughout the middle ages today obito's is one of portugal's most well-preserved medieval cities and i hope you all could witness it one day after we're going to head over to spain to visit avila i have to say that avila is one of the most impressive medieval wild cities in all of europe the construction of the walls took place between the 11th and 14th centuries the walls foreigners is nearly 2.5 kilometers and consists of 88 semi-circular towers i mean if i lived here during medieval times i would have felt pretty safe now about an hour's drive from avila is the alcazar de segovia and this is probably spain's most dramatic castle has a very distinct shape that resembles the bow of a ship the castle was built in the 12th century as a fortress but cert as a royal palace prison and military academy throughout the years today it's a museum and one of spain's most unique castles another beautiful medieval spanish city is toledo located about 70 kilometers south of madrid toledo was a stunning ancient city perfectly placed on a hill it's known as the city of three cultures due to its influences from christians muslims and jews the history of toledo is fascinating and complex it was taken over by the morse for several centuries until it was conquered in the 11th century by the castilians today the city has a population around 80 000. one of the most impressive is the alcazar de toledo it was once used as a rome palace and then it was eventually restored in the 16th century after we're going to head to southern spain to visit granada now loaded at the base of the sierra nevada mountains granada is an elegant spanish city the crowning feature of granada is the alhambra it's a fortified moorish palace that was completed in 1354 the interior of this palace is stunning there's a reflection pool and a pillared courtyard i mean i totally understand why it's one of the most renowned islamic buildings in europe another cool medieval spot in spain is the island of castello gaze now the first church was built on the island all the way back in the 10th century if you visit you'll have to walk up a narrow path of more than 200 stairs i mean it's just such an epic location hope you all can check out after spain we're going to visit luxembourg city built among deep gorges cut out by its surrounding rivers a city is home to one of the most impressive medieval towns the history of the city is fascinating in the year 963 a.d count siegfried needed a place where he could defend his properties so he acquired the land which is now the capital and became the first ruler of luxembourg now what made this landscape so appealing is that it's surrounded by sheer cliffs that serve as a natural fortification against invading armies luxembourg's fortifications grew gradually and became one of europe's strongest fortresses sadly in 1867 the treaty of london required luxembourg's fortress to be torn down so it could be a place of neutrality today the fortress's ruins still remain the best place to see them is the bach promontory where you'll find the city's fame cliffs underground tunnels and fascinating history after we're gonna head over to the orava castle located in slovakia orava castle is perched perfectly on a skinny rock cliff this may be one of the most eerie castles in all of europe it was used in many scenes of the famous 1922 horror film nosferatu so you definitely get some dracula vibes there now it was built upon a former fortress in the 13th century after the mongol invasions to defend what was then the kingdom of hungary like many castles auravik was added on and destroyed by fire and then it was ultimately restored i just think it's so crazy how they're able to integrate the castle onto the stone peaks of the hill and it doesn't even look real if you want spooky vibes you gotta check this place out afterwards we're gonna head over to poland to visit the charming city of gdansk now located in northern poland on the baltic coast earliest mention of gdansk was in 997 and during the middle ages gadons grew as an important seaport in shipbuilding town it rose to the wealthiest and largest city in poland until warsaw's rapid growth in the 18th century sadly a majority of godensk was destroyed during world war ii but today gdansk is one of poland's most beautiful cities i just can't believe how stunning the old town is it's full of perfectly placed houses next to the river just an hour's drive from gdansk is the malbort castle it's the largest castle in the world it was built in the 13th century by the two atomic knights who were german catholic crusaders now as a number of the knights grew so did the castle which encloses an area of 52 acres it's just crazy to think that people were able to build such buildings back then now like a dance more than half of melbourne castle was destroyed during world war ii but thankfully it has been rebuilt to its former glory afterwards we're going to head over to the beautiful city of tallinn located in estonia on the coast of the baltic sea talent is another stunning medieval capital so around the year 10 50 the force fortress was built to kick off town's old town as trade grew between russia and scandinavia talon rose up as a dominating port city in 1285 town became the northernmost member of the hanseatic league which was a mercantile and military alliance of german dominated cities in northern europe now in 1346 the king of denmark sold talent to the tetonic knights and over the next few centuries medieval town thrived the city grew to a population of 8 000 and talon's medieval city was well fortified with city walls and over 66 defense towers today town's old town is one of europe's most well-preserved medieval cities i just love all the buildings and architecture with its orange and cone domed roofs while we're still in the baltics we're going to visit latvia's capital of riga now i have to say that i was very surprised by riga's beauty it's full of stunning medieval architecture riga was founded back in 1201 and today it's the largest city of all the baltic countries one of the most famous buildings is the house of the blackheads it's located in riga's old town and was built in the 14th century saint peter's church is another dramatic building that towers over riga skylines riga is just such a special and underrated city and hope all can visit afterwards we're going to head back to croatia to visit the medieval port city of rovin now located on the istrian peninsula on croatia's western coast rovine is one of the most beautiful medieval fishing towns i've ever seen from 1283 to 1797 ravine was governed by the republic of venice from 1918 to 1947 it belonged to the kingdom of italy today is part of croatia and it's one of the country's most beautiful cities when you walk the streets you'll feel like you're in italy due to its italian influence one of the most beautiful features of the city is the church of saint euphemia it's perfectly perched on the hill in the historic part of the city it was completed in 1680 and stands over 60 meters tall ravine is just such a special spot and i hope you all can check it out one day after croatia we're gonna head over to romania to see the medieval castles of transylvania now transylvania is a very intriguing yet spooky region is the birthplace of the infamous ruler vlad impaler transylvania is also where ram stoker's novel count dracula takes place one of the most famous locations in transylvania is the bran castle located near the city of brasov castle was built around the 14th century and served as a fortification against the ottoman empire similar to orava ron has been named dracula's castle thanks to its dramatic architecture another impressive medieval place in transylvania is corvin castle it's one of the largest castles in europe and its construction began in 1446 like ron it has a creepy vibe to it needless to say transylvania is a fascinating region full of some of the world's most uncanny castles after let's head over to the medieval fortress of carcassonne now when i imagine medieval europe i don't think there's a better place that exemplifies it better than this fortified city located in southern france carcassonne began as a roman fortified hilltop and was given to the visigoths in the 5th century who continued to fortified and build the city throughout the centuries carcassonne proved to be an impregnable fortress as army after army failed to overtake the protected city today the city consists of 53 towers that are protected by its two outer walls it remains as one of europe's greatest medieval gems for our last destination we're going to visit the island of mont saint michel now located one kilometer off the coast of france mozi michelle is one of the most magical destinations in all of europe the island is full of small shops and homes with a monastery perch on the top of the island's highest point the construction of the monastery began in the 10th century known as finished in 1523 due to its strategic position and dangerous changing tides the island remained protected throughout history today mont saint-michel is one of france's most popular tourist destinations if you're ever in northern france or paris you really need to visit this magical island well that is it from my medieval top 25 i just love making videos about the middle ages and it's just so fascinating to research and learn about the history of these places i mean there's just so many medieval locations throughout europe so we're expecting more videos soon i start a relaxation channel where i post hour-long films the beautiful places around the world to bring some peace and nature in your life you can find me on tiktok and instagram shirley dot films miss ryan and we will see you later you

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